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The SADC Free Trade Area

The SADC FTA was formally launched on 17 August 2008. The implementation of the SADC Trade Protocol started in the year 2000 with the gradual elimination of customs duties on 85% of tariff lines by 2008. For Mauritius, tariffs on the remaining 'sensitive products' were completely eliminated in January 2014.

SADC Member States

1. Republic of Angola
2. Republic of Botswana
3. Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
4. Kingdom of Lesotho
5. Kingdom of Swaziland
6. Republic of Madagascar
7. Republic of Malawi
8. Republic of Mauritius
9. Republic of Mozambique
10. Republic of Namibia
11. Republic of Seychelles
12. Republic of South Africa
13. United Republic of Tanzania
14. Republic of Zambia
15. Republic of Zimbabwe

Out of the 15 SADC Member States, Angola, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Seychelles have yet to join the SADC FTA. Therefore, these 3 countries do not offer any tariff reductions under SADC.

Rules of Origin

Introduction to preferential origin

Preferential origin is conferred on goods from particular countries, which have fulfilled certain criteria. In order to obtain preferential origin those criteria generally require that the goods be wholly obtained or have undergone sufficient transformation in the manufacturing processes.

Preferential origin under SADC confers certain tariff benefits (entry at a reduced or zero rate of duty) on goods traded between SADC countries.
In order to have preferential origin goods must fulfill the relevant conditions laid down in the SADC Protocol on Rules of Origin

In effect, it means that goods must either (1) be manufactured from raw materials or components which have been grown or produced in the exporting SADC country or, should that not be the case, (2) at least undergo a certain amount of working or processing in the SADC exporting country. Such goods are then considered to be "originating".

In all cases there is a list of the working or processing each product manufactured from non-originating materials or components must undergo in order to obtain originating status. These rules are often referred to as "the rules of origin". They set out the least amount of working or processing required on non-originating materials in order for the resulting goods to obtain originating status.

The structure of the list of working or processing requirements is based on the structure of the HS Code of the final product being exported. So before being able to determine what processing a specific product must undergo it is necessary to know its HS classification. More detailed information on tariff classification is available at:

The SADC Rules of Origin

The SADC Rules of Origin are product-specific whereby each tariff heading is assigned one or several criteria to be fulfilled for origin to be conferred. In order to benefit from preferential treatment on the SADC market, all goods should comply with the rules of origin under the SADC Trade Protocol and must be accompanied by a valid SADC certificate of origin.

The Rules of Origin can be one or a mix of the following types:
• Wholly produced
• Change in tariff heading
• Percentage rule
• Two-stage transformation for textile and clothing

SADC Certificate of Origin:

The SADC Certificate of Origin is both issued and approved by the Customs Department of the Mauritius Revenue Authority. The online application for the SADC Certificate of Origin is made through a Freight Forwarder or Customs House Broker via the TradeNet system. More information on the SADC Certificate can be obtained from the Customs Department:


Mauritius Revenue Authority
Customs Department,
Customs House
Mer Rouge
Port Louis
Tel: (230) 202 0500
Fax: (230) 216 7784

For the Customs Department to approve the Certificate, the following documents must be submitted:
• SADC Certificate of Origin duly filled
• Customs Declaration (Export and Import)
• Export Invoice
• Appropriate certified costing for value added requirements
• Any other document as may be required by Customs Department


Market Access to SADC Countries

The SADC FTA confers to Mauritian exporters either duty free access or partial tariff reduction in other SADC Member States, except for Angola, DRC and Seychelles. This confers a margin of preference to Mauritian exporters as compared to imports from other third countries like China and India. The margin of preference is the difference between the normal custom duty applicable and the rate of duty when exported under SADC. A competitive edge is therefore granted to SADC originating products. The links below provide the tariff schedules in most of the SADC countries where the normal duties applicable on imported products are listed.

NB: The following tariff schedules are provided purely as a measure of public facilitation. Only the latest official version of the laws or regulations enacted in the country is authoritative. The public is therefore strongly advised to reconfirm the customs duties with the Custom Authority of the respective country.

1. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Angola
2. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Botswana
3. Tariff Schedule of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
4. Tariff Schedule of the Kingdom of Swaziland
5. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Madagascar
6. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Malawi
7. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Mozambique
8. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Namibia
9. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Seychelles
10. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of South Africa
11. Tariff Schedule of the United Republic of Tanzania
12. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Zambia
13. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Zimbabwe

Non-Tariff Barriers Monitoring Mechanism

In the region, Member States of the SADC, COMESA and EAC have decided to adopt a harmonized approach as regards to the elimination of NTBs. The three RECs have joined forces to implement a common Non-Tariff Barrier reporting, monitoring and eliminating mechanism, which incorporates concrete timelines for the removal of NTBs in the region.

The online NTB monitoring mechanism is available on Operators can directly report and monitor the resolution of barriers encountered in the COMESA, EAC and SADC regions. This new system enhances transparency and makes it easy to follow-up reported and identified NTBs. This web-based NTB system is accessible to all economic operators, public officials, academic researchers and other interested parties.

Mauritian operators exporting to the region are strongly encouraged to use the online system to report any NTB encountered. The website lists the different types of NTBs which can be reported on the system. Once the complaint is registered in the database, it is logged with a reference number. This reference number can be used to monitor who is responsible for dealing with the reported NTB and any specific outcomes. The online system also publishes notifications of procedural, legislative or regulatory changes announced by Member States in the three RECs, enabling all traders to constantly keep up to date with trading requirements.

More information can be obtained either from the website or from MCCI, which has been appointed as the national private sector focal point for assisting the business community in the reporting process.

Useful Websites

Chambers of Commerce:

Camara de Comercio e Industria de Angola
14, Largo do Kinaxixi, 1 andar
P.O Box : 92 Town : Luanda
Phone : (00244) 2-444506/526 Fax : (00244) 2-444629
EMail :

Botswana Confederation of Commerce, Industry and Manpower
Old Lobatse Road
P.O Box : 432 Town : Gaborone
Phone : (00267) 3973046 Fax : (00267) 3973142/72110524
EMail :

Congo, Democratic Republic
Federation of Congolese Enterprise
10, Avenue des Aviateurs
Town : Kinshasa Gombe
Phone : (00243) 0818910524 Fax : (00243) 08181100182
EMail :

Lesotho Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Caledon Road No.80
P.O Box : Town : Maseru West
Phone : (00266) 22311066 Fax : (00266) 22311066
EMail : /

Chambre de Commerce, d'Industrie et d'Agriculture d'Antananarivo
20, rue Henry Razanatseheno, Antaninarenina
P.O Box : 166 Town : Antananarivo 101
Phone : (00261) 20 2220211-12 Fax : (00261) 20 2220213
EMail :  

Malawi Confederation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry
Masauko Chipembere Highway - Chichiri Trade Fair Grounds
P.O Box : 258 Town : Blantyre
Phone : (00265) 1877913 Fax :(00265) 1871147

Confederaçao das Associaçoes Economicas de Moçambique
Rua do Castanheda 120
Town : Maputo
Phone : (00258) 21491914 Fax : (00258) 21493094
EMail :

Namibia Chamber of Commerce and Industry
NCCI Building, Cnr. Simpson & Jenner Streets
P.O Box : 9355 Town : Windhoek
Phone : (00264) 61 228809 Fax : (00264) 61 228009
EMail : /

Seychelles Chamber of Commerce and Industry
2nd Floor Ebrahim Building, Victoria
P.O Box : 1399 Town : Mahé
Phone : +(248) 4323 812 Fax : +(248) 4321 422
EMail :

South Africa
Chamber of Commerce and Industry - Johannesburg
Chamber House, 24 Sturdee Avenue
P.O Box : Town : Rosebank 2196
Phone :(2711) 4463800 Fax :

Federation of Swaziland Employers and Chambers of Commerce
Emafini Business Centre, Malangwane Hill
P.O Box : H100 Town :Mbabane
Phone : (00268) 4048263 Fax : (00268) 4090051
EMail :

Tanzania Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture
Salamander Building - Samora Avenue/Mkwepu Street
P.O Box : 9713 Town :Dar es Salaam
Phone : (00255) 22 2121421 Fax : (00255) 22 2119437
EMail : /

Zambia Association of Chambers of Commerce and Industry
Financial Lane, Showgrounds
P.O Box : 30844 Town :Lusaka 10101
Phone : (00260) 1 252483 Fax : (00260) 1 253020
EMail :  

Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce
25 Harvey Brown Avenue, Milton Park
P.O Box : 1934 Town :Harare
Phone : (00263) 772527662 Fax : (00263) 4 750375
EMail : /

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