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The SADC Free Trade Area

The SADC FTA was formally launched on 17 August 2008. The implementation of the SADC Trade Protocol started in the year 2000 with the gradual elimination of customs duties on 85% of tariff lines by 2008. For Mauritius, tariffs on the remaining 'sensitive products' were completely eliminated in January 2014.

SADC Member States

1. Republic of Angola
2. Republic of Botswana
3. Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
4. Kingdom of Lesotho
5. Kingdom of Swaziland
6. Republic of Madagascar
7. Republic of Malawi
8. Republic of Mauritius
9. Republic of Mozambique
10. Republic of Namibia
11. Republic of Seychelles
12. Republic of South Africa
13. United Republic of Tanzania
14. Republic of Zambia
15. Republic of Zimbabwe

Note:
Out of the 15 SADC Member States, Angola, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Seychelles have yet to join the SADC FTA. Therefore, these 3 countries do not offer any tariff reductions under SADC.

Rules of Origin

Introduction to preferential origin

Preferential origin is conferred on goods from particular countries, which have fulfilled certain criteria. In order to obtain preferential origin those criteria generally require that the goods be wholly obtained or have undergone sufficient transformation in the manufacturing processes.

Preferential origin under SADC confers certain tariff benefits (entry at a reduced or zero rate of duty) on goods traded between SADC countries.
In order to have preferential origin goods must fulfill the relevant conditions laid down in the SADC Protocol on Rules of Origin

In effect, it means that goods must either (1) be manufactured from raw materials or components which have been grown or produced in the exporting SADC country or, should that not be the case, (2) at least undergo a certain amount of working or processing in the SADC exporting country. Such goods are then considered to be "originating".

In all cases there is a list of the working or processing each product manufactured from non-originating materials or components must undergo in order to obtain originating status. These rules are often referred to as "the rules of origin". They set out the least amount of working or processing required on non-originating materials in order for the resulting goods to obtain originating status.

The structure of the list of working or processing requirements is based on the structure of the HS Code of the final product being exported. So before being able to determine what processing a specific product must undergo it is necessary to know its HS classification. More detailed information on tariff classification is available at: http://mra.gov.mu/index.php/importexport-a-others/more-topics-gg/classification-guidance

The SADC Rules of Origin

The SADC Rules of Origin are product-specific whereby each tariff heading is assigned one or several criteria to be fulfilled for origin to be conferred. In order to benefit from preferential treatment on the SADC market, all goods should comply with the rules of origin under the SADC Trade Protocol and must be accompanied by a valid SADC certificate of origin.

The Rules of Origin can be one or a mix of the following types:
• Wholly produced
• Change in tariff heading
• Percentage rule
• Two-stage transformation for textile and clothing


SADC Certificate of Origin:

The SADC Certificate of Origin is both issued and approved by the Customs Department of the Mauritius Revenue Authority. The online application for the SADC Certificate of Origin is made through a Freight Forwarder or Customs House Broker via the TradeNet system. More information on the SADC Certificate can be obtained from the Customs Department:

 

Mauritius Revenue Authority
Customs Department,
Customs House
Mer Rouge
Port Louis
Tel: (230) 202 0500
Fax: (230) 216 7784
Email:customs@mra.mu
Website:http://mra.gov.mu



For the Customs Department to approve the Certificate, the following documents must be submitted:
• SADC Certificate of Origin duly filled
• Customs Declaration (Export and Import)
• Export Invoice
• Appropriate certified costing for value added requirements
• Any other document as may be required by Customs Department

 

Market Access to SADC Countries

The SADC FTA confers to Mauritian exporters either duty free access or partial tariff reduction in other SADC Member States, except for Angola, DRC and Seychelles. This confers a margin of preference to Mauritian exporters as compared to imports from other third countries like China and India. The margin of preference is the difference between the normal custom duty applicable and the rate of duty when exported under SADC. A competitive edge is therefore granted to SADC originating products. The links below provide the tariff schedules in most of the SADC countries where the normal duties applicable on imported products are listed.

NB: The following tariff schedules are provided purely as a measure of public facilitation. Only the latest official version of the laws or regulations enacted in the country is authoritative. The public is therefore strongly advised to reconfirm the customs duties with the Custom Authority of the respective country.

1. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Angola
2. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Botswana
3. Tariff Schedule of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
4. Tariff Schedule of the Kingdom of Swaziland
5. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Madagascar
6. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Malawi
7. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Mozambique
8. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Namibia
9. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Seychelles
10. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of South Africa
11. Tariff Schedule of the United Republic of Tanzania
12. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Zambia
13. Tariff Schedule of the Republic of Zimbabwe

Non-Tariff Barriers Monitoring Mechanism

In the region, Member States of the SADC, COMESA and EAC have decided to adopt a harmonized approach as regards to the elimination of NTBs. The three RECs have joined forces to implement a common Non-Tariff Barrier reporting, monitoring and eliminating mechanism, which incorporates concrete timelines for the removal of NTBs in the region.

The online NTB monitoring mechanism is available on www.tradebarriers.org. Operators can directly report and monitor the resolution of barriers encountered in the COMESA, EAC and SADC regions. This new system enhances transparency and makes it easy to follow-up reported and identified NTBs. This web-based NTB system is accessible to all economic operators, public officials, academic researchers and other interested parties.

Mauritian operators exporting to the region are strongly encouraged to use the online system to report any NTB encountered. The website lists the different types of NTBs which can be reported on the system. Once the complaint is registered in the database, it is logged with a reference number. This reference number can be used to monitor who is responsible for dealing with the reported NTB and any specific outcomes. The online system also publishes notifications of procedural, legislative or regulatory changes announced by Member States in the three RECs, enabling all traders to constantly keep up to date with trading requirements.

More information can be obtained either from the www.tradebarriers.org website or from MCCI, which has been appointed as the national private sector focal point for assisting the business community in the reporting process.

Useful Websites

Chambers of Commerce:

Angola
Camara de Comercio e Industria de Angola
14, Largo do Kinaxixi, 1 andar
P.O Box : 92 Town : Luanda
Phone : (00244) 2-444506 Fax : (00244) 2-444629
EMail : ccia@ebonet.net  
Website: www.ccia.ebonet.net  

Botswana
Botswana Confederation of Commerce, Industry and Manpower
Old Lobatse Road
P.O Box : 432 Town : Gaborone
Phone : (00267) 3953459 Fax : (00267) 3973142
EMail : boccim@info.bw  

Lesotho
Lesotho Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Kingsway Avenue
P.O Box : 79 Town : Maseru 100
Phone : (00266) 22323482 Fax : (00266) 22311066
EMail : lcci@lesoff.co.za  

Madagascar
Chambre de Commerce, d'Industrie et d'Agriculture d'Antananarivo
20, rue Henry Razanatseheno
P.O Box : 166 Town : Antananarivo 101
Phone : (00261) 20 2220211-12 Fax : (00261) 20 2220213
EMail : contact@cci-tana.org  
Website: www.cci-tana.org  

Malawi
Malawi Confederation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry
Masauko Chipembere Highway - Chichiri Trade Fair Grounds
P.O Box : 258 Town : Blantyre
Phone : (00265) 1671988 Fax : (00265) 1671147
Website: www.mcci.org  

Namibia
Namibia Chamber of Commerce and Industry
2, Jenner Street - Windhoek West
P.O Box : 9355 Town : Windhoek
Phone : (00264) 61 228809 Fax : (00264) 61 228009
EMail : ncci@iafrica.com.na  
Website: www.ncci.org.na  

South Africa
Chamber of Commerce and Industry - Johannesburg
JCC House - 27, Owl Street, Milpark
P.O Box : 34 Town :Auckland Park 2006
Phone : (2711) 7265300 Fax : (2711) 4822000
EMail : info@jcci.co.za  
Website: www.jcci.co.za  

Swaziland
Federation of Swaziland Employers and Chambers of Commerce
Floor 1, Mbabane House - Warner Street
P.O Box : H100 Town :Mbabane
Phone : (00268) 4040768 Fax : (00268) 4090051
EMail : fsecc@business-swaziland.com  
Website: www.business-swaziland.com  

Tanzania
Tanzania Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture
Salamander Building - Samora Avenue/Mkwepu Street
P.O Box : 9713 Town :Dar es Salaam
Phone : (00255) 22 2121421 Fax : (00255) 22 2119437
EMail : hq@tccia.com  
Website: www.tccia.com  

Zambia
Zambia Association of Chambers of Commerce and Industry
Financial Lane, Showgrounds
P.O Box : 30844 Town :Lusaka 10101
Phone : (00260) 1 252483 Fax : (00260) 1 253020
EMail : secretariat@zacci.co.zm  
Website: www.zacci.org.zm  

Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce
ZNCC Business Group - 42, Harare Street
P.O Box : 1934 Town :Harare
Phone : (00263) 4 749335 Fax : (00263) 4 750375
EMail : info@zncchq.co.zw  
Website: www.zncc.co.zw  

 
 
 
 
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